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July 2006

Major Features of the 2006 California Budget

On June 30, 2006, the Governor signed the 2006-07 Budget Act. In this report we highlight the major features of the budget package.

I. Budget Overview

II. K-12 Proposition 98

III. Higher Education

IV. Health

V. Social Services

VI. Judiciary & Criminal Justice

VII. Transportation

VIII. Resources and Environmental Protection

IX. Other Major Provisions

Appendix 1: Budget-Related Legislation

I. Budget Overview

On June 27, 2006, the Legislature passed the 2006-07 Budget Bill along with implementing legislation (see Appendix 1 for a list of these “trailer bills”). The Governor signed the budget on June 30, after using his line item veto authority to reduce appropriations by $112 million ($62 million General Fund). The budget package authorizes total spending of $127.9 billion, of which $101.3 billion is from the General Fund and $26.6 billion is from special funds. Figure 1 shows the distribution of General Fund spending by major program area.

 

Basic Features

The 2006-07 budget reflects a sharply improving fiscal picture, brought about by continued stronger-than-expected growth in General Fund revenues. Spending under the plan increases by over 9 percent between 2005-06 and 2006-07, reflecting significant program augmentations, budgetary debt prepayments, and rising caseloads and costs in state programs.

Spending Highlights. The budget includes substantial increases in education spending. It allocates $8 billion in new funds for K-14 Proposition 98 education, resulting in an over 11 percent increase in K-12 per pupil funding relative to the level provided in the 2005-06 Budget Act. It also provides large funding increases for the University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU), including funding in lieu of planned fee increases for 2006-07. The budget package also rolls back community college fees from $26 to $20 per unit beginning in spring 2007. The budget provides $40 million in Proposition 98 General Fund support to backfill the foregone fee revenue.

In the transportation area, it provides the full $1.4 billion annual Proposition 42 transfer of sales taxes on gasoline to fund transportation programs, and it repays $1.4 billion of past Proposition 42 related loans.

In the health and social services area, the budget package includes: (1) one-time funding for hospitals to increase patient capacity to meet health care emergencies such as an avian flu pandemic; (2) increased funding for county block grants for California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids, child welfare services, and foster care, and (3) funding for pass through of the federal January 2007 Supplementary Security Income cost-of-living adjustment, which-under the terms of the 2005-06 budget package-had previously been delayed until April 2007.

The budget includes significant funding increases for corrections to cover higher inmate population and health-related costs.

Debt Prepayment. The budget devotes $2.8 billion in General Fund revenues to the repayment of budgetary debt which had been incurred in previous years. About one-half of the total is for the prepayment of Proposition 42 loans from transportation (cited above), and the remainder is for local governments, schools, and special funds.

General Fund Condition

Figure 2 shows that 2005-06 began with a prior-year balance of $9.5 billion (reflecting the combination of better-than-expected revenues and past budgetary borrowing). Revenues and expenditures are an identical $92.7 billion in 2005-06, leaving the fund balance at the end of the year at the same $9.5 billion. After accounting for $521 million in encumbrances, the year-end reserve is $9 billion.

 

Figure 2

The 2006-07 Budget General Fund Condition

(In Millions)

 

2005‑06

2006‑07

Prior-year fund balance

$9,511

$9,530

Revenues and transfers

92,749

94,354

  Total resources available

$102,260

$103,884

Expenditures

92,730

101,261

Ending fund balance

$9,530

$2,623

  Encumbrances

521

521

  Reserve

$9,009

$2,102

    Budget Stabilization Account

$472

    Reserve for Economic Uncertainties

$9,009

$1,630

 

In 2006-07, the budget assumes that revenues will total $94.4 billion (a 1.7 percent increase), and that expenditures will total $101.3 billion (a 9.2 percent increase). The $6.9 billion operating shortfall between revenues and expenditures leaves the General Fund with a reserve of $2.1 billion at the conclusion of the budget year. This reserve estimate does not include the fiscal impacts of future collective bargaining contracts approved by the Legislature. (For example, the tentative agreement recently reached between the administration and Service Employees International Union would, if approved, result in 2006-07 costs of more than $100 million.)

Out-Year Implications of the 2006-07 Budget. Based on our current projections of revenues and expenditures under the 2006-07 Budget Act policies, the state would continue to face operating shortfalls in the range of $4.5 billion to $5 billion in 2007-08 and 2008-09. The carryover reserve from 2006-07 would be available to offset a portion of the shortfall in 2007-08. We will be updating our fiscal projections in November 2006, when we release our California Fiscal Outlook.

Prepared by the Economic, Taxation, and Fiscal Forecasting Section­-(916) 319-8306

II. K-12 Proposition 98

As Figure 1 shows, the budget package includes $55.1 billion in Proposition 98 spending in 2006-07 for K-14 education (K-12 schools and community colleges). This represents an increase of $5.2 billion, or 10.3 percent, from the enacted 2005-06 spending level. Figure 1 summarizes the budget package for K-12 schools, community colleges, and other agencies for both the current and past fiscal years. In 2006-07, funding for K-12 education grows 10 percent and community college funding grows 13 percent.

 

Figure 1

Proposition 98 Budget Summary

(Dollars in Billions)

 

2005-06

 

 

 

Enacted

Revised

2006-07

Percent Change From 2005-06 Enacted

K-12

$44.6

$46.5

$49.1

10.0%

California Community Colleges

5.2

5.5

5.9

13.0

Other agencies

0.1

0.1

0.1

6.6

  Totals, Proposition 98

$50.0

$52.0

$55.1

10.3%

K-12

 

 

 

 

Average daily attendance (ADA)

6,031,404

5,972,985

5,957,368

-1.2%

Amount per ADA (in dollars)

$7,402

$7,777

$8,244

11.4

 

This funding level is almost $600 million above the Proposition 98 minimum guarantee for 2006-07 assuming the lawsuit settlement discussed in a box below. (Without the proposed settlement, the “overappropriation” level would be $1.9 billion.) This includes a $426 million required overappropriation for Proposition 49 after school programs, and around $165 million resulting from the fact that final budget negotiations recognized roughly an additional $300 million in current-year revenues, which lowered the required funding level for the budget year.

As discussed later, the budget package also includes an additional $2.8 billion in one-time funds for K-14 education ($2.5 billion for K-12 and around $300 million for community colleges). Figure 1 shows that roughly $2 billion of these one-time funds result from the 2005-06 Proposition 98 minimum guarantee increasing from $50 billion to $52 billion after the 2005-06 Budget Act was passed (due to higher-than-expected state tax revenues).

Proposed Settlement Agreement With Education Community

In May, the Governor proposed to settle a pending lawsuit by the education community stemming from a disagreement over the suspension of Proposition 98 in 2004-05. Chapter 213, Statutes of 2004 (SB 1101, Budget Committee), suspended the Proposition 98 minimum guarantee and established a target funding level for K-14 education that was $2 billion lower than the amount called for by the constitutional guarantee. Because final General Fund revenues for 2004-05 were substantially higher than projected when the 2004-05 Budget Act was adopted, the final suspension level was $3.6 billion, $1.6 billion higher than the Chapter 213 target. The settlement agreement proposed by the Governor would provide a total of $2.9 billion-$1.6 billion associated with the 2004-05 fiscal year and $1.3 billion for the subsequent impact on 2005-06. The total would be paid over seven years beginning in 2007-08, to be scored as Proposition 98 payments to 2004-05 and 2005-06. Legislation to implement this agreement was not part of the budget package, but will likely come before the Legislature for approval in August. While the funding of the settlement was not a part of the budget, the 2006-07 Proposition 98 spending level essentially reflects the level that would have been required had the state spent at the Chapter 213 target level in 2004-05.

K-12 Program Impacts

The K-12 portion of the Proposition 98 budget package includes:

Major Changes in K-12 Funding

Figure 2 displays major K-12 funding changes from the enacted 2005-06 budget. The budget package provides about $4.5 billion in new ongoing K-12 expenditures (including funds vetoed, but set aside for subsequent legislation). The budget fully funds base programs and provides significant increases for a number of existing programs, as well as some funding for new programs. Major funding changes include:

 

Figure 2

Ongoing K-12 Proposition 98 Changes

2006-07

(In Millions)

 

Amount

Cost-of-living adjustments, growth, and other adjustments

$2,383

Proposition 49 after school programs

426

Revenue limit equalization

350

Economic Impact Aid

350

Deficit-factor reduction (including basic aid)

309

Counselors

200

Arts and music block grant

105

Child care eligibility

67

Preschool expansion

50

Increased support for high school exit exam

50

Other

187

  Total Changes

$4,476

 

Additional One-Time Funds

The budget provides an additional $2.5 billion in one-time K-12 education funds. This total is comprised of three main sources-additional funds required to meet the Proposition 98 minimum guarantee in 2005-06 ($2 billion), settle-up payments to meet Proposition 98 obligations from prior years ($258 million), and the Proposition 98 Reversion Account, which are funds that have been appropriated for K-14 education in prior years but not used ($226 million). Figure 3 shows the uses of the one-time funds included in the final budget package. The major one-time spending includes:

 

Figure 3

K-12 Spending From One-Time Funds

(In Millions)

 

Amount

Payment of K-12 mandate claims from prior years

$927

Discretionary block grant

534

Arts, music, and P.E. equipment block grant

500

School facilities emergency repairs (Williams settlement)

137

Instructional materials

100

Preschool facilities

50

Teacher recruitment

50

Career technical education equipment

40

Mandates—2006-07 costs

30

Other

165

  Total

$2,533

 

K-12 Vetoes

The Governor vetoed $37.8 million provided to increase the per meal reimbursement rate for the child nutrition program. The Governor set the funds aside for subsequent legislation to tie the funding to increased nutritional quality. The Governor also vetoed $15.1 million for a new cohort of the federal Reading First schools, and accompanying language making the continuation of a school’s funding contingent on making significant academic progress, as defined in future legislation.

Prepared by the K-12 Education Section­- (916) 319-8333

III. Higher Education

The enacted budget provides a total of $10.8 billion in General Fund support for higher education in 2006-07 (see Figure 1). This reflects an increase of $931 million, or 9.4 percent, above the amount provided in 2005-06. As shown in the figure, the budget provides the University of California (UC) with $3.1 billion in General Fund support, which is $241 million, or 8.5 percent, more than the revised 2005-06 level. For the California State University (CSU), the budget provides $2.8 billion in General Fund support, which is an increase of $191 million, or 7.4 percent.

 

Figure 1

Higher Education Budget Summary
General Fund Appropriations

(Dollars in Millions)

 

 

 

Change

 

2005-06

2006-07

Amount

Percent

University of California

$2,844.7

$3,085.8

$241.1

8.5%

California State University

2,597.5

2,788.7

191.2

7.4

California Community Colleges

3,714.5

4,102.4

388.0

10.4

Student Aid Commission

738.4

846.7

108.3

14.7

Hastings College of the Law

8.4

10.9

2.6

30.6

California Postsecondary
Education Commission

2.0

2.1

0.9

    Totals

$9,905.5

$10,836.5

$931.0

9.4%

 

The budget provides the California Community Colleges (CCC) with $4.1 billion in General Fund support for 2006-07, which is $388 million, or 10.4 percent, above the revised 2005-06 level. In addition, the budget provides CCC with another $305 million in one-time funds that, for Proposition 98 purposes, will count toward prior fiscal years. Virtually all of CCC’s General Fund support counts toward the state’s Proposition 98 expenditures, as does CCC’s local property tax revenue. Total Proposition 98 support for CCC in 2006-07 is $5.9 billion, which is 10.7 percent of total Proposition 98 appropriations.

The budget also provides $847 million in General Fund support to the California Student Aid Commission. This funding, which supports the state’s Cal Grant programs and other financial aid programs, is $108 million, or 14.7 percent, above the 2005-06 level.

Intersegmental Issues

Base Increases. All three higher education segments received substantial General Fund base augmentations to address salary and other cost increases. These include $156 million (5.8 percent) for UC, $130 million (5.2 percent) for CSU, and $312 million (5.9 percent) for CCC. The CCC’s base increase follows the same statutory formula used to calculate the K-12 cost-of-living adjustment. The base increases for UC and CSU include funding associated with a “fee buyout” as proposed by the Governor. The Governor had proposed the buyout funding in lieu of fee increases that had been planned by UC and CSU.

Enrollment Growth. The three higher education segments received augmentations to fully fund all anticipated enrollment growth. The budget provides a total of $112 million for 2.5 percent growth at both UC and CSU. This funds an additional 5,149 full-time equivalent (FTE) students at UC and 8,490 FTE students at CSU. Funding for these students is determined using a new methodology for determining the marginal cost of serving each additional student. The Legislature rejected the Governor’s proposed methodology, and adopted an alternative which accounts for fee revenue and faculty salary costs differently.

The budget provides CCC with $97.5 million to fund enrollment growth of 2 percent, or 22,688 FTE students. However, because community college enrollment has been declining, CCC has a similar number of unfilled, funded “slots” that also will be available for enrolling additional students in 2006-07. Thus, as a practical matter, CCC will have funding to grow by slightly more than 4 percent in 2006-07.

Student Fees. The budget provides for no UC or CSU resident student fee increases in 2006-07. (As noted above, both segments received additional funds-$130 million-in lieu of fee increases.) The budget reduces student fees at CCC from $26 per unit to $20 per unit, effective in spring 2007. The budget provides $40 million to backfill this foregone fee revenue.

Student Academic Preparation (Outreach). The Legislature rejected the Governor’s proposal to eliminate General Fund support for student academic preparation programs at UC and CSU. Instead, the budget provides General Fund support of $19.3 million to UC and $7 million to CSU for these programs. Of the UC amount, $2 million is for a new transfer initiative between UC and CCC.

Nursing Initiatives. The budget includes $10.5 million for various higher education nursing initiatives. These include $1 million for expanded enrollment at UC, $4 million for expanded enrollment and various start-up costs at CSU, and $5.5 million for student services and faculty recruitment and retention at CCC. In addition, the budget authorizes 40 loan forgiveness warrants for nursing graduates who work in state facilities, such as prisons and developmental centers, contingent upon enactment of legislation.

Other Budget Highlights

The 2006-07 Budget Act includes several major features that are specific to the higher education segments.

University of California. Major General Fund augmentations include:

California State University. For 2006-07, revenue that CSU collects as student fees is no longer deposited in a central state account and appropriated to the university through the budget act. Instead, student fee revenue will be deposited in trust accounts maintained by CSU campuses. The budget reduces CSU’s General Fund support by $5 million to account for the fact that interest earned on these funds will accrue to CSU rather than the state General Fund.

California Community Colleges. Major features of the CCC budget include:

Prepared by the Higher Education Section­- (916) 319-8331

IV. Health

The 2006-07 budget plan provides about $19.5 billion from the General Fund for health programs, which is an increase of about $1.8 billion or 10 percent compared to the revised prior-year level of spending. Several key aspects of the budget package are discussed below and summarized in Figure 1.

 

Figure 1

Major Changes—State Health Programs 2006‑07 General Fund Effect

(In Millions)

 

 

Enrollment Activities for Children's Health Programs

 

Support new activities to expand enrollment

$50

Medi-Cal

 

Increase rates for nursing homes and other long-term care facilities

$87

Reverse 5 percent reduction in physician rates

75

Increase rates for certain managed care plans

39

Make technical adjustments for funding shifts to other departments

-356

Disaster Preparedness

 

Implement steps to prepare for flu pandemic and other emergencies

$190

Public Health

 

Augment AIDS prevention and education efforts

$6

Continue local assistance to combat West Nile Virus outbreak

3

Department of Developmental Services

 

Provide rate increase for some community service providers

$47

Increase wages for direct care staff in day and work activity programs

24

Department of Mental Health

 

Address federal court orders on mental health care for prison inmates

$27

Comply with federal consent decree for state hospitals

21

Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs

 

Improve Proposition 36 drug treatment performance and outcomes

$25

Establish new statewide campaign to deter methamphetamine use

10

 

 

Enrollment Activities for Children’s Programs

The budget plan provides about $50 million in General Fund support for new activities to (1) enroll additional children who are eligible for, but not now enrolled, in Medi-Cal and the Healthy Families Program (HFP) and (2) retain in coverage more children who are enrolled. State grants are provided to counties to spur local outreach activities, HFP enrollment procedures are simplified, and new financial incentives are provided for certified application assistants. The spending plan also includes funds for the additional case-loads expected to result from these outreach and enrollment efforts.

Medi-Cal

The 2006-07 enacted budget provides about $13.8 billion from the General Fund ($35.1 billion all funds) for Medi-Cal local assistance expenditures. This amounts to about a $1 billion, or 7.4 percent, increase in General Fund support for Medi-Cal local assistance. This increase would have been significantly greater except for $356 million in technical adjustments reflected in the budget plan. General Fund support previously displayed in the Medi-Cal budget is now shown in the Department of Mental Health (DMH) budget item for mental health services for children and in the Department of Aging budget item for the Multipurpose Senior Services Program.

Major Cost Factors. The increase in expenditures primarily reflects: (1) increases in costs and utilization of medical services in the base program; (2) rate increases for physicians and certain other providers; (3) a number of significant policy changes in Medi-Cal, including the continued shift of prescription drug coverage for certain aged and disabled beneficiaries to the federal Medicare Part D drug benefit; and (4) ongoing growth in caseloads. Specifically, Medi-Cal caseloads are assumed to grow by about 85,000, or 1.3 percent, in the budget year to a total of about 6.7 million average monthly eligibles.

Changes in Medi-Cal Provider Rates. The budget plan provides $87 million General Fund for rate increases for nursing homes and other facilities that provide long-term care services to Medi-Cal beneficiaries. The budget also includes $75 million General Fund to reflect the reversal of a 5 percent reduction in rates for physicians and certain other Medi-Cal providers that was enacted in 2003-04, but only partially implemented due to a now-resolved legal challenge. In addition, among other provider rate increases, $39 million in state funds would be provided for rate increases for certain Medi-Cal managed care plans. The Governor vetoed an additional $9.3 million General Fund augmentation for rate increases for these plans.

New Federal Documentation Requirements. The budget plan adopts changes in state law to comply with new federal requirements that states obtain documentation of the identity and citizenship of individuals who enroll and re-enroll in Medi-Cal.

Healthy Families Program

The budget plan provides about $368 million from the General Fund ($1 billion all funds) for local assistance under HFP during 2006-07. This reflects an overall increase of about $128 million (all funds), or 14 percent, in annual spending for the program. General Fund spending for HFP local assistance is budgeted to increase by about $47 million. This is primarily the result of increases in caseload assumed to occur as a result of additional funding for application assistance and the implementation of efforts to streamline children’s enrollment, as discussed above. Underlying caseload trends and increases in provider rates are also projected to contribute to the increased spending level for HFP. Overall, program enrollment is assumed to grow by 78,000 children, or about 10 percent, to reach a total of about 859,000 children by the end of the budget year.

Disaster Preparedness

The budget plan adopts, with some significant modifications, various administration proposals to better prepare the state for public health emergencies and, in particular, the threat of an avian flu pandemic. In all, the spending plan provides more than $190 million in state funding (plus federal funds) to the Department of Health Services (DHS) and the Emergency Medical Services Authority (EMSA) to make additional hospital beds available in case of a flu emergency, strengthen the state and local public health laboratory systems, and conduct local planning to respond to a major public health disaster. Most of this additional funding is provided on a one-time basis.

Public Health Programs

The budget plan provides DHS with about $560 million from the General Fund ($2.5 billion all funds) for public health local assistance during 2006-07. General Fund spending for public health local assistance would increase by about $178 million, or almost 47 percent, primarily due to the augmentations for disaster preparedness discussed above. The budget supports various expansions of public health programs, including augmentations for AIDS prevention and education activities, breast cancer screening, Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis and treatment, and clinic programs for agricultural workers and rural areas. Genetic testing of newborns would be expanded to include screening for cystic fibrosis and biotinidase deficiency. The budget also continues state assistance to local special districts in controlling the West Nile Virus, although the Governor used his veto authority to reduce the amount provided for this purpose in 2006-07.

Emergency Medical Services Authority

General Fund support for EMSA would increase under the budget by about 21 percent to about $29 million. About $53 million would be provided to EMSA from all fund sources. The increase is due partly to the expansion of EMSA’s disaster preparedness activities discussed earlier. The Governor vetoed a proposed $10 million General Fund augmentation for grants to improve the operation of trauma care centers.

Reform of Licensing and Certification Programs

The budget significantly expands staffing for the inspection of nursing homes, hospitals, and other health care facilities. It establishes a special fund within DHS to pay for these activities primarily from fees, but provides some General Fund support to moderate the initial impact of fee increases.

Department of Developmental Services

The budget provides almost $2.5 billion from the General Fund ($4 billion all funds) for services to individuals with developmental disabilities in developmental centers and regional centers. This amounts to an increase of about $246 million, about 11 percent, in General Fund support over the revised prior-year level of spending provided to the department.

Community Programs. The 2006-07 budget includes a total of almost $2.1 billion from the General Fund ($3.2 billion all funds) for community services for the developmentally disabled, an increase in General Fund resources of about $245 million, or 13 percent, over the revised prior fiscal year level of spending. This growth in community programs is due mainly to increases in caseload, costs, and utilization of regional center services. Also, about $47 million General Fund is allocated to provide a 3 percent rate increase for providers of specified regional center services. The budget also provides about an additional $24 million General Fund to increase wages for direct care staff in certain day programs and work activity programs, as well as to increase funding for supported employment programs. The budget continues several mostly temporary actions to hold down community program costs.

Developmental Centers. The budget provides $385 million from the General Fund for operations of the developmental centers (almost $703 million all funds), roughly the same level of support as the revised prior-year level of spending. The budget continues to support plans to close the Agnews Developmental Center and place many of its clients in community programs, but assumes a further postponement of the closure to June 2008.

Department of Mental Health

The budget provides about $1.7 billion from the General Fund ($3.6 billion all funds) for mental health services provided in state hospitals and in various community programs. This is about a $445 million, or 35 percent, increase in General Fund support compared to the revised prior-year level of spending for DMH.

Community Programs. The 2006-07 budget includes about $781 million from the General Fund (almost $2.5 billion all funds) for local assistance for the mentally ill, about a 82 percent increase in General Fund support compared to the revised prior-year level of spending. The increase in General Fund spending is mainly due to the technical budget adjustment discussed above, in which General Fund support previously displayed in the DHS Medi-Cal budget for certain mental health services for children enrolled in Medi-Cal is now displayed in the DMH budget item.

“AB 3632” Mandates. The budget plan does not adopt an administration proposal to suspend what are known as the AB 3632 mandates for children in special education programs. Instead, the budget provides $69 million in federal special education funds and $52 million from the General Fund for a new DMH categorical program to reimburse a significant portion of the estimated costs for providing these services in the budget year. The spending plan also provides $66 million from the General Fund to pay outstanding mandate claims from 2004-05 and 2005-06.

State Hospitals. The budget provides about $879 million from the General Fund for state hospital operations (about $951 million all funds). The $96 million, or 12 percent, increase in General Fund resources is due to several factors, including projected increases in the state hospital population. The budget provides about $21 million General Fund and 453 staff positions to meet the requirements of a consent decree that resulted from a U.S. Department of Justice civil rights investigation of state mental hospitals. The spending plan also includes about $27 million General Fund and an additional 271 staff positions to address a federal court order in the Coleman case, which requires additional intermediate and acute care inpatient mental health services for state prison inmates.

Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs

The budget provides about $290 million from the General Fund ($670 million all funds) for community programs operated by the Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs (DADP). This is about a $47 million, or 19 percent, increase in General Fund support compared to the revised prior-year level of spending for alcohol and drug programs.

Proposition 36. The budget continues funding for the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (also known as Proposition 36) at the current level of $120 million, and provides an additional $25 million General Fund to improve the performance and outcomes of participants in these drug treatment programs. The budget package also modifies current law to change various provisions of Proposition 36, including establishing new requirements for drug testing, permitting the brief incarceration in jail of some offenders for violation of probation, and excluding some repeat offenders from eligibility for diversion from prison or jail to Proposition 36 treatment.

Methamphetamine Prevention Campaign. The budget provides $10 million General Fund to DADP to establish a new statewide media and outreach campaign to deter the use of methamphetamine.

Drug Medi-Cal Rate Increase. The Governor vetoed a proposed $2.3 million General Fund augmentation to increase certain reimbursement rates for Drug Medi-Cal providers.

Prepared by the Health Section- (916) 319-8350

V. Social Services

General Fund support for social services programs in 2006-07 totals $9.8 billion, an increase of 6 percent over the prior year. Most of the increase is due to (1) caseload increases in the Supplemental Security Income/State Supplementary Program (SSI/SSP), In-Home Supportive Services program, and Adoptions Assistance program; (2) passing through the federal SSI cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) in January 2007; (3) new initiatives in child welfare services; and (4) the General Fund costs for backfilling the redirection of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) federal block grant funds from child welfare and foster care into California Work Opportunities and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) county block grants. The 2006-07 Budget Act and related legislation make various changes to current law, and the fiscal impacts of these changes are summarized in Figure 1.

 

Figure 1

Major Changes—Social Services Programs 2006‑07 General Fund and Federal TANF Block Grant Funds

(Dollars in Millions)

 

Change From Prior Law

Programs

General Fund

TANF

SSI/SSP

 

 

Pass-through January 2007 federal COLA

$42.0

CalWORKs County Block Grants

 

 

Increase to account for higher spending in 2005‑06

$140.0

Reduction for unspent county incentive funds

-40.0

Reduce transfer to CalWORKs from Employment Training Fund

17.9

TANF Reauthorization Package

 

 

Projects promoting work participation

$90.0

Grant savings assumed from work-related projects

-17.2

Homelessness prevention

5.0

Community colleges work study programs

$9.0

 

Foster Care and Child Welfare Services (CWS)

 

 

Replace TANF funds with General Fund

$100.0

-$100.0

Flexible funding for CWS improvements

50.0

Increase kinship programs

10.5

Support for emancipating foster youth

9.7

Augmentation for adoptions

11.1

Augmentation for dependency drug courts

3.0

Community Care Licensing

 

 

Increase random inspection visits/other improvements

$5.7

Child Support

 

 

Hold certain noncustodial parents harmless for transitional payment

$25.5

Augmentation for local child support agency improvement

4.0

Department of Aging

 

 

Transfer of local assistance funding for MSSP from Health Services

$22.3

Augmentation for MSSP providers

3.0

Employment Development Department

 

 

Los Angeles County health care workforce development

$5.7

Department of Rehabilitation

 

 

Increase for supported employment rates

$5.6

  Totals

$307.1

$95.7

 

   TANF=Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and MSSP= Multipurpose Senior Services Program.

 

SSI/SSP

January 2007 Federal COLA. Prior law delayed the effective “pass-through” of the federal January 2007 COLA until April 2007. Budget legislation restores the pass-through to January 2007, resulting in a onetime General Fund cost of $42 million.

CalWORKs

Net Increase in Funding for County Block Grants. Counties receive a block grant, known as the single allocation, to fund eligibility determination, welfare-to-work services, and child care. Because county block grant spending was higher during the first three quarters of 2005-06 in comparison to prior years, the Legislature increased county block grant allocations by $140 million for 2006-07. However, the budget reduces funding by $40 million, on a one-time basis in counties that retain unspent CalWORKs performance incentives. The budget replaces $18 million in Employment Training Fund support for county block grants with TANF federal funds, freeing up an identical $18 million for use by the Employment Training Panel for its training programs.

TANF Reauthorization Package. In order to meet the higher work participation requirements of the federal Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, the budget provides $90 million for various projects to engage nonworking recipients in work-related activities, and $9 million for work study programs with the community colleges. These changes are assumed to result in grant savings of $17.2 million (higher earnings reduces grant payments). Finally, the budget provides $5 million for homelessness prevention among CalWORKs families facing potential eviction.

Child Welfare Services (CWS) and Foster Care

CWS Improvements. The budget provides $50 million in flexible funding to counties which may be used for reducing social worker caseloads or implementing early interventions to improve outcomes for families and children. The budget also adds an additional $3 million in 2006-07 to expand the use of Drug Dependency Courts as an intervention strategy in child welfare cases.

Kinship Support. The budget provides $8 million in additional funds to KinGap, a program which provides payments to relatives who become guardians to former foster children. The additional funds will increase payments for children with special needs and expand KinGap eligibility to youth in the probation system who are in the care of relatives. The budget also expands by $2.5 million county programs that provide support and services to kin caregivers of foster children.

Emancipating Foster Youth. The budget adds $9.7 million to increase support for emancipating foster youth. This includes $4 million to eliminate the county share of cost in the transitional housing placement program and $5.7 million to create a state-only program of education and training vouchers for emancipating foster youth, similar to the federal “Chafee” program.

Adoptions. The budget provides a total of $11.1 million to increase adoptions. This includes $7.1 million to support additional adoption workers. The Legislature also added $4 million to establish a project in five areas of the state to provide pre- and post-adoption services for foster children who have been in care for more than 18 months and are over 9 years of age.

Community Care Licensing (CCL)

Budget legislation provides an increase of $6.1 million ($5.7 million General Fund), and a total of 80 positions in order to increase the frequency of random facility inspection visits and to implement other licensing division reforms, including making certain licensing information available to the public on the Internet. Budget legislation clarifies the requirement that the department conduct unannounced visits in at least 20 percent of facilities each year. The amounts noted above reflect the Governor’s veto of four positions and $320,000 for placing CCL data on the internet.

Child Support

Holding Certain Noncustodial Parents Harmless for Transitional Payment. In developing its federally required automated child support system, the state changed the date when a child support payment is recorded from the date of withholding to the date of receipt. This change places some noncustodial parents (NCPs), through no fault of their own, behind in their child support payments, creating an “arrearage.” Budget legislation allows the state to make child support payments on behalf of the affected NCPs, thus preventing the arrearage and holding these NCPs harmless. The NCPs will be required to repay the state for this prepayment upon termination of their child support obligation. These one-time prepayments result in General Fund costs of $25.5 million in 2006-07.

The Legislature also added $4 million General Fund (and about $8 million in federal matching funds) to the allocations for local child support agencies for the purpose of improving performance on child support enforcement.

Department of Aging

The budget transfers the local assistance funding ($22.3 million) for the Multipurpose Senior Services Program (MSSP) from the Department of Health Services to the Department of Aging. The budget also provided $3 million General Fund to support increased reimbursement rates for MSSP service provider organizations.

Other

Legislative Augmentations. The budget provides $5.7 million General Fund to Los Angeles County to continue training and workforce development programs for its public health system that were formerly supported with federal Workforce Investment Act funds. The budget includes $5.6 million in the Department of Rehabilitation to fund a rate increase in the Supported Employment Program.

Cash Assistance Program for Immigrants (CAPI). The budget rejects the Governor’s proposal to extend, from the current 10 years to 15 years, the period for which a sponsor’s income is “deemed” (counted for purposes of financial eligibility) to a legal noncitizen. Upon the end of the ten-year deeming period, state-only CAPI payments for certain legal immigrants will commence in September 2006. These payments result in General Fund costs of approximately $12 million in 2006-07, rising to over $40 million in 2007-08.

Prepared by the Social Services Section-(916) 319-8353

VI. Judiciary & Criminal Justice

The 2007 Budget Act contains $12.9 billion for judicial and criminal justice programs, including $11.4 billion from the General Fund. The total amount is an increase of $1.2 billion, or 10 percent, from 2005-06 expenditures. The General Fund total represents an increase of $1.2 billion, or 12 percent, relative to 2005-06 expenditures.

Figure 1 shows the changes in General Fund expenditures in some of the major judicial and criminal justice budgets. Below, we highlight the major changes in these budgets.

 

Figure 1

Judicial and Criminal Justice Budget Summary General Fund

(Dollars in Millions)

 

 

 

Change

Program/Department

2005‑06

2006‑07

Amount

Percent

Judicial Branch

$1,757

$1,973

$216

12.3%

Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation

7,709

8,654

945

12.3

Department of Justice

338

386

48

14.2

Citizens' Option for Public Safety

100

119

19

19.0

Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Grants

100

119

19

19.0

Other Corrections Programsa

164

128

-36

-22.0

    Totals

$10,168

$11,379

$1,211

11.9%

 

a  Includes debt service on general obligation bonds and the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program. Other programs include the Office of the Inspector General, the State Public Defender, and Payments to Counties for Homicide Trials.

 

Judicial Branch

The budget includes $3.4 billion for support of the judicial branch. This amount includes $1.9 billion from the General Fund, $475 million transferred from the counties to the state and $957 million in fine, penalty, and court fee revenues. The General Fund amount is $216 million, or 12 percent, greater than the revised 2005-06 amount.

Court Operations. Funding for trial court operations is the single largest component of the judicial branch budget, accounting for over 90 percent of total judicial branch spending. The 2006-07 budget provides for growth in trial court operations funding based on the annual change in the state appropriations limit ($113 million), restoration of one-time reductions ($58 million), and increased court security ($19 million). It also includes partial-year funding for 50 new superior court judge positions ($5.5 million). The Governor vetoed $10 million added by the Legislature to provide court interpreter services in certain civil cases.

Corrections and Rehabilitation

The budget contains $8.7 billion from the General Fund for support of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, an increase of $945 million, or 12 percent, above the revised 2005-06 level. Effective July 1, 2005, the various corrections departments were consolidated into a single department pursuant to Chapter 10, Statutes of 2005 (SB 737, Romero).

Adult Corrections. Major new spending includes funding to comply with court settlements relating to the delivery of medical, mental, and dental health care services to inmates ($400 million), address increased inmate and parole caseloads ($303 million), and implement a variety of new and expanded programs aimed at reducing recidivism among adult offenders ($53 million). Figure 2 shows the allocation of new funds for recidivism reduction programs. The budget also provides funding to expand the Basic Correctional Officer Academy ($55 million), reduce the backlog of lifer parole hearings ($7 million), and expand the use of Global Positioning System devices to track sex offenders and other high-risk parolees ($5 million).

 

Figure 2

Adult Corrections New Recidivism Reduction Funding

(In Millions)

Program Area

Amount

Inmate education

$21.1

Parole programs

7.8

Community partnerships

7.7

Administrative supporta

6.2

Rehabilitative programs

6.0

Treatment

3.9

    Total

$52.8

 

a  Includes funding for research and evaluation, information technology, staff training, and support services.

   Detail may not total due to rounding.

 

Juvenile Justice. The budget provides funding to further implement remedial plans resulting from the Farrell v. Hickman lawsuit ($60 million). This consists of funds to increase the staff-to-ward ratio in the youth correctional facilities and enhance the delivery of medical and mental health care services. The budget also establishes the Community Re-Entry Challenge Grant Program, which is aimed at reducing recidivism among juvenile parolees through enhanced community-based services ($10 million).

Department of Justice

The budget includes $386 million (General Fund) for support of the Department of Justice, an increase of $48 million above the revised 2005-06 amount. Notable new spending includes $6.5 million to create four new Gang Suppression Enforcement Teams, $6 million to expand the California Methamphetamine Strategies Program, $10.6 million for new vehicles and equipment, and $1.3 million to increase the investigation and prosecution of complex financial and identity theft crimes. The budget also provides a total of $30 million for the Proposition 69 DNA Program, which represents an increase of $19 million relative to the 2005-06 funding level. This increase for the DNA program consists of $9 million General Fund and $10 million from the DNA Identification Fund to be generated primarily by a newly enacted increase in criminal penalties.

Assistance to Local Law Enforcement

The budget provides $565 million for the major local public safety programs. This represents an increase of $146 million, or 35 percent, above the 2005-06 funding level. Figure 3 shows the changes in local public safety programs.

 

Figure 3

Major Local Public Safety Programs General Fund

(Dollars in Millions)

 

 

 

 

Change

Program

2005‑06

2006‑07

 

Amount

Percent

Citizens' Option for Public Safety

$100.0

$119.0

 

$19.0

19.0%

Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Grantsa

100.0

119.0

 

19.0

19.0

County Probation Grants

201.0

201.0

 

Mentally Ill Offender Crime Reduction Grants

45.0

 

45.0

Vertical Prosecution Block Grants

8.0

16.0

 

8.0

100.0

War on Methamphetamine Grants

9.5

29.5

 

20.0

210.5

Booking Fee Reimbursement

35.0

 

35.0

 Totals

$418.5

$564.5

 

$146.0

34.9%

 

a  The 2005‑06 Budget Act provided $26 million for this program and anticipated a $74 million carry over from the prior year.

 

Notable initiatives for local law enforcement include those targeting mentally ill offenders and local booking fees. Specifically, the budget provides $45 million to reestablish the Mentally Ill Offender Crime Reduction Grant Program. This program will provide grants to local governments for demonstration projects designed to reduce recidivism among mentally ill offenders. In addition, the budget provides $35 million to reimburse cities for jail booking fees paid to counties in 2005-06 and revamps county authority to collect fees starting in 2007-08.

Prepared by the Criminal Justice Section- (916) 319-8340

VII. Transportation

Department of Transportation

The 2006-07 budget plan provides total expenditures of $12.3 billion from state special funds and federal funds for the Department of Transportation (Caltrans). This level of expenditures is primarily due to the substantial repayment of past Proposition 42 loans, as detailed below. The 2006-07 expenditure level, however, is about the same as that expended in 2005-06 which includes the award of the Bay Bridge self-anchored suspension contract in March 2006.

The 2006-07 budget provides approximately $5.2 billion for transportation capital outlay, $1.5 billion for capital outlay support, $2.2 billion for local assistance, and about $1.1 billion for highway operations and maintenance. The budget also provides about $1.5 billion for support of Caltrans’ mass transportation and rail program and $538 million for transportation planning and departmental administration.

Full Funding of Proposition 42. Consistent with the requirements of Proposition 42, the 2006-07 budget provides for the transfer of gasoline sales tax revenue from the General Fund to the Transportation Improvement Fund (TIF) for transportation purposes. The total amount of the 2006-07 transfer is estimated at $1.4 billion. This amount is to be allocated as follows:

Substantial “Spillover” Revenues, New Allocation. Due to high gasoline prices, the 2006-07 budget projects that spillover revenues will total $668 million. These revenues will be allocated as follows:

The 2006-07 budget provides a greater share of spillover revenue to STA than is required by current law. This, together with other STA revenues sources such as diesel sales tax revenues, Proposition 42 funding, and early repayment of prior suspensions (as discussed below), will provide STA with an estimated $630 million in 2006-07. This is up from a funding level of roughly $237 million in 2005-06.

Early Partial Repayment of Proposition 42 Debt. The 2006-07 budget provides $1,415 million to repay about two-thirds of the amount of Proposition 42 funds suspended in 2003-04 and 2004-05. The repayment includes $920 million that would otherwise be repaid in 2007-08 and $495 million that is due in 2008-09. The repayment includes $1,215 million from the General Fund and $200 million in spillover revenues (as mentioned above). The amount will be allocated as follows:

Under Chapter 49, Statutes of 2006 (SCA 7, Torlakson), to be considered on the November 2006 ballot, the remaining Proposition 42 debt (about $754 million) would be repaid by June 30, 2016, with minimum annual repayment of one-tenth the total amount owed. Figure 1 shows the past Proposition 42 suspensions and the repayments to the TIF in 2006-07 and future years.

Tribal Gaming Bond to Repay $827 Million in Transportation Debt. Under current law, $1.2 billion in previous loans to the General Fund from the Traffic Congestion Relief Fund (TCRF) are to be repaid by tribal gaming revenue bonds. The 2006 budget assumes that tribal gaming bonds will be issued in 2006-07 to repay $827 million plus interest to the TCRF, as shown in Figure 1. These bond funds would be allocated as follows:

 

Figure 1

Transportation Loans and Repaymentsa

(In Millions)

 

To General Fundb

 

To TCRFc

Year

From TCRFd

From TIF

 

From SHA

From PTA

Balance through 2003‑04

$1,383

$868

 

$463

$275

2004‑05

-183

1,258

 

-20

2005‑06

-151

 

-151

2006‑07

-827

-1,373

 

-292

-245

2007‑08

-84

 

2008‑09

-84

 

2009‑10

-84

 

Beyond 2009‑10

-222e

-502

 

-30e

 

    SHA = State Highway Account; TCRF= Traffic Congestion Relief Fund; TIF= Transportation Investment Fund; PTA = Public Transportation Account.

a  Amounts do not include interest.

b  Positive numbers are amounts payable to the General Fund, negative numbers are amounts payable from the General Fund.

c  Positive numbers are amounts payable to TCRF, negative numbers are amounts payable from TCRF.

d  Funds shown from the General Fund as payment to the TCRF in 2005‑06 and beyond come from tribal gaming revenues.

e  To be repaid from future tribal gaming bonds. The date when these bonds will be issued is unknown.

 

The budget includes trailer bill language to modify the allocation of tribal gaming bond revenues. Specifically, it provides additional future-year bond revenues to TCRP projects. After 2006-07, TCRF will still be owed $222 million, of which $30 million would go to PTA and $192 million would be used for TCRP projects. It is unknown when tribal gaming bond revenues will repay this debt. Figure 1 assumes these revenues to be available after 2009-10.

Programmatic Funding Impact of Major Budget Actions. The 2006-07 budget provides for the full Proposition 42 transfer, repays early $1,415 million in transportation debt, reallocates substantial spillover revenues, and anticipates that $827 million plus interest will be repaid by tribal gaming bond revenues. Together, these actions result in $4.2 billion in funding for transportation programs. This is about $2.7 billion more than revenues received from these sources (Proposition 42 and tribal gaming revenues) in 2005-06. Figure 2 shows how revenues from major budget actions are distributed between programs. (The budget provides over $8 billion in additional revenues to transportation beyond those listed here. These additional revenue sources include primarily excise tax on motor fuels, truck weight fees, and federal funds.)

 

Figure 2

Major 2006‑07 Budget Actionsa Funding by Program

(In Millions)

Program

Fundingb

Traffic Congestion Relief Program

$1,283

State Transportation Improvement Program

1,018

Public Transportation Account

913

State Highway Accountc

443

Local streets and roads

424

Bay Area toll bridges

125

Farm worker transportation grants

20

High-speed rail development

13

  Total

$4,239

 

a  Includes full Proposition 42 transfer in 2006‑07, $1,415 million in early partial repayment for past suspension, distribution of spillover revenues, and anticipated receipt of tribal gaming bond revenues.

b  Amounts do not include interest.

c  Amount includes $151 million in tribal gaming revenues received at end of 2005‑06.

 

California Highway Patrol (CHP) and Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)

The 2006-07 budget provides about $1.6 billion to fund the CHP, an increase of about $120 million (8.3 percent) compared to the 2005-06 level. The increase is primarily due to first-year funding ($56 million) for CHP to begin a multiyear project to upgrade its radio communications system and support costs ($41 million) related to hiring additional patrol officers and 911 call center staff. About $1.4 billion of the total funding will come from the Motor Vehicle Account.

With regard to DMV, the budget provides $848 million in departmental support, about $77 million (10 percent) more than the 2005-06 level. A major component of the increase in DMV’s support costs is funding provided in the budget that enables the department to begin work on projects to improve its computing infrastructure related to its drive licensing and vehicle registration programs.

Prepared by the Transportation Section­- (916) 319-8320

VIII. Resources and Environmental Protection

Overview. The 2006-07 budget provides about $4.4 billion for resources programs and $1.3 billion for environmental protection programs.

Of the $4.4 billion for resources programs, about $1.8 billion is from the General Fund and $1.7 billion is from special funds. The remaining $900 million are bond funds and federal funds. This total amount is a decrease of about $1 billion from estimated 2005-06 expenditures. This decrease largely results from the large one-time expenditures in 2005-06 from bond funds.

Of the $1.3 billion for environmental protection programs, $1 billion is from special funds and $171 million is from federal funds. The remaining $157 million are General Fund and bond funds. This total amount is a net decrease of $378 million from estimated 2005-06 expenditures, mainly due to large one-time bond-funded expenditures in 2005-06 in the State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB).

Bond Funds. The budget provides about $800 million from bond funds (mostly Propositions 13, 40, and 50) for various resources and environmental protection programs. This amount includes about $148 million for state park improvements and acquisitions; $100 million for land acquisitions and restoration activities of the various state conservancies and the Wildlife Conservation Board; $57 million to SWRCB for local water quality projects; and $31 million for river parkway programs. Of the remaining funds, most ($367 million) is for various water-related state activities and local assistance administered by the Department of Water Resources (DWR). This includes funding for water conservation projects and the CALFED Bay-Delta Program.

State Parks. The budget provides $250 million in one-time funding from the General Fund for deferred maintenance at state parks. These funds are projected to be spent over a three-year period. In addition, the budget includes an ongoing augmentation of $15 million (General Fund) in the Department of Parks and Recreation’s budget for operations and maintenance at existing state parks.

CALFED. The budget includes $246 million from various state funds ($26 million General Fund) for the CALFED Bay-Delta Program, in addition to about $95 million of reappropriations. (These CALFED expenditures are under seven resources and environmental protection departments, plus the Department of Health Services.) Proposition 50 bond funds are the largest source of funding for the program, providing about $103 million of the program’s funding in 2006-07. The budget reflects a reorganization of the program, including a transfer of all funding and position authority of the California Bay-Delta Authority to various other CALFED state agencies. The Secretary for Resources is largely assuming the function of providing staff support to the board of the California Bay-Delta Authority.

Flood Management. The budget includes various increases totaling over $170 million for flood management-related state operations, local assistance, and capital outlay. These increases include the following: (1) $38.2 million ($7.6 million one-time) from the General Fund for DWR’s state operations and local assistance to improve flood management activities in the Central Valley and Delta regions; (2) $31.4 million (General Fund) for flood control capital outlay projects in the Central Valley; and (3) $100 million (one-time) from the General Fund to pay local governments for the state’s share of costs of federally authorized, locally sponsored flood control projects outside of the Central Valley. These increases bring the department’s flood management budget to a total of about $215 million (various funds) for state operations and state and local flood control projects. In addition, the budget includes 28 new positions to implement Chapter 34, Statutes of 2006 (AB 142, Nuńez), which appropriated $500 million for flood control system repairs and improvements, including the repair of critical erosion sites. These new positions will be paid for from this appropriation.

Canal Lining. The budget provides $84.1 million (General Fund) for the lining of the All-American and Coachella canals. These projects when complete will save approximately 100,000 acre-feet of water and are related to the Colorado River “Quantification Settlement Agreement.”

Paterno Lawsuit Financing. The budget provides $62.9 million (General Fund) for the second year of payments related to the $464 million Paterno lawsuit settlement, stemming from a flood in 1986. (Of the settlement amount, $428 million is being financed over ten years, beginning in 2005-06.)

Habitat Protection and Restoration; Marine Resources. The budget includes various General Fund increases totaling about $53 million ($40 million of which is one-time spending) for habitat protection and restoration activities carried out by the Department of Fish and Game, Wildlife Conservation Board, and the State Coastal Conservancy. The increases include: (1) $19 million for marine life and ecosystem protection and management; (2) $14 million for salmon and steelhead restoration; (3) $10 million for nongame fish and wildlife management; (4) $5 million for wetlands and riparian habitat conservation; and (5) $5 million to create an endowment fund for the management of coastal wetlands.

Climate Change. The budget includes $36.9 million, mostly in one-time funding from special funds, for actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This includes funding for various incentive programs for clean alternative fuels development, and zero emission and partially zero emission vehicle programs, including the Hydrogen Highway.

Fish and Game Preservation Fund. The budget provides $19.9 million in one-time funding and $5.9 million in ongoing funding from the General Fund to address structural deficits in the Fish and Game Preservation Fund.

Public Utilities Commission. The budget provides $12.2 million (special funds) for implementation of the Telecommunications Consumer Bill of Rights. These funds will support 29.5 new positions, a media campaign to inform consumers of their rights, and an upgraded system to resolve consumer complaints. The budget also includes $5.6 million for 58.5 new positions to increase regulatory staffing at the commission.

Governor’s Vetoes. The Governor vetoed (partially or fully) a number of budget changes made by the Legislature. Significant vetoes include:

Prepared by the Resources and Environmental Protection Section- (916) 319-8323

IX. Other Major Provisions

Local Government

Noneducation Mandates. The budget includes $232.5 million (General Fund) and $1.7 million (special funds) to pay 2005-06 and 2006-07 claims for 38 noneducation mandates, including the Peace Officer’s Procedural Bill of Rights mandate. Funding for the AB 3632 mental health mandate is provided separately in the budget (we discuss this mandate in the health chapter of this report). The budget suspends local agency obligations to carry out 29 mandates in the budget year and directs the Commission on State Mandates to reconsider two previous mandate determinations that found state reimbursable costs. The budget starts the process of paying local governments for the large backlog of pre-2004-05 mandate claims. Specifically, the budget provides $169.9 million (General Fund) to make the 2006-07 and 2007-08 payments towards the state’s 15-year plan to retire this mandate debt.

Other Major Provisions

Statewide Issues

Employee Compensation. The budget provides $567 million ($361 million General Fund) to increase pay for state employees. Of this amount, $30 million ($15 million General Fund) is available for the administration to address recruitment and retention issues among employees, supervisors, and managers. The budget includes contractual pay raises for 6 of the state’s 21 employee bargaining units. The status of bargaining units is summarized in Figure 1. Since most contracts have expired, any increased General Fund costs from future contracts approved by the Legislature will be paid from the reserve. For instance, the tentative agreement for the nine units represented by the Service Employees International Union would reduce the General Fund reserve by more than $100 million.

 

Figure 1

Status of State Employee Labor Agreements

Bargaining Unit

Percent of State Workforce

Status

Funding for 2006‑07 Pay Increases

1—Administrative, Financial, and Staff Services

20.4%

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.

2—Attorneys

1.7

In effect until June 30, 2007

Budgeted.

3—Educators and Librarians (Institutional)

1.2

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.a

4—Office and Allied

13.7

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.

5—Highway Patrol

2.9

Expired July 2, 2006

Budgeted increases under prior agreement.

6—Correctional Peace Officers

14.0

Expired July 2, 2006

Budgeted increases under prior agreement.

7—Protective Services and Public Safety

3.1

In effect until June 30, 2007

Budgeted.

8—Firefighters

2.1

Pending—AB 1165 (Bogh)

Budgeted increases under prior agreement. Increases under pending agreement not in budget.

9—Professional Engineers

4.8

In effect until July 2, 2008

Budgeted.

10—Professional Scientific

1.2

Expired July 1, 2006

Not in budget.

11—Engineering and Scientific Technicians

1.2

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.

12—Craft and Maintenance

5.0

Pending

Not in budget.

13—Stationary Engineer

0.4

Expired July 2, 2003

Not in budget.

14—Printing Trades

0.2

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.

15—Allied Services (Custodial, Food, Laundry)

1.9

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.

16—Physicians, Dentists, and Podiatrists

0.7

Expired June 30, 2006

Not in budget.a

17—Registered Nurses

1.8

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.a

18—Psychiatric Technicians

3.2

Expired June 30, 2006

Not in budget.

19—Health and Social Services/Professional

1.9

Expired July 1, 2006

Not in budget.

20—Medical and Social Services

1.0

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.

21—Education and Libraries (Noninstitutional)

0.3

Pending—AB 1369 (Nuńez)

Not in budget.

Excluded, Supervisors, and Managers

17.4

Not applicable

Budgeted for selected groups only.

 

a    Some increases budgeted for corrections court orders.

 

Retirement. The budget includes an estimated $4.6 billion ($3.4 billion General Fund) for state employee and teacher retirement benefits, including health costs. Payments for teacher retirement benefits from the General Fund decline by $123 million due to a one-time credit for previous overpayments by the state.

Preparing for Retiree Health Accounting Rules. New public sector accounting rules require disclosure of unfunded liabilities for retired employee health benefits beginning in 2007-08. The budget includes $3.2 million for (1) the State Controller to contract for an actuarial assessment of liabilities and (2) the California Public Employees’ Retirement System to begin offering services to public agencies that are obtaining actuarial valuations of liabilities and considering setting aside funds to address these liabilities. The budget also holds more than $30 million of expected federal Medicare payments related to state retiree drug benefits in a special account for future legislative consideration.

Unallocated Reductions. The budget assumes $200 million in General Fund savings from authority given to the administration to reduce departmental appropriations during the fiscal year. State operations appropriations could be reduced by no more than 20 percent, and local assistance appropriations could be reduced by no more than 5 percent.

Department Issues

Veterans Affairs. The budget augments the department’s current-year budget by more than $12 million from the General Fund (an 18 percent increase) to cover rising costs and increased services, such as a new Alzheimer’s wing at the Yountville home.

Food and Agriculture. The budget augments the department’s current-year budget by more than $15 million from the General Fund (a 19 percent increase) to eradicate the diaprepes root weevil, enhance food security measures, and increase funding to county agricultural commissioners.

San Joaquin Valley. The budget provides $5 million in one-time funding from the General Fund to help implement a strategic plan from the California Partnership for the San Joaquin Valley, which aims to improve economic conditions in the area.

Prepared by the following sections:

Local Government-(916) 319-8315

State Administration-(916) 319-8310

Appendix 1

2006‑07 Budget and Budget-Related Legislation

Bill Number

Author

Subject

AB 1801

Laird

Budget bill (conference report)

AB 1811

Laird

Budget revisions

AB 1802

Budget Committee

Education

AB 1803

Budget Committee

Resources

AB 1805

Budget Committee

Local government

AB 1806

Budget Committee

General government

AB 1807

Budget Committee

Health

AB 1808

Budget Committee

Human services

AB 1809

Budget Committee

Revenues

SB 1132

Budget Committee

Transportation

SB 1137

Ducheny

Proposition 36 reforms

 

 

Acknowledgments

The Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO) is a nonpartisan office which provides fiscal and policy information and advice to the Legislature.

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