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Cal Facts 2004

California's Economy and Budget in Perspective

Program Trends

K-12 School Revenues


K-12 School Spending by Program

State Budgeted Funds—2004-05

The Typical Cost of a
California School


Growth in K-12 Enrollment
Will Continue to Slow

Impact of 2004-05 Suspension on Future Proposition 98 Spendinga

K-14 Education Credit Card Balance Remains High

In Millions






One-time Costs





Revenue limit and categorical deferrals





Community college deferral




Cumulative mandate deferrals





Ongoing Costs





Revenue limit deficit factor










Achievement Gap Exists
Across Grades

Percent Scoring at Proficient or Advanceda


Percent of Underprepared Teachers Varies by School

California Public Universities

2003-04 Full-Time Equivalent Students


CSU University of California  
Bakersfield 6,621 Berkeley 33,191
Channel Islands 1,583 Davis 29,280
Chico 14,134 Irvine 23,389
Dominguez Hills 9,488 Los Angeles 37,260
Fresno 17,443 Merced a
Fullerton 24,910 Riverside 15,457
Hayward 12,001 San Diego 23,622
Humboldt 7,329 San Francisco 3,989
Long Beach 27,411 Santa Barbara 21,279
Los Angeles 17,016 Santa Cruz 14,429
Maritime Academy 868 Total UC 201,896
Monterey Bay 3,570   aCampus scheduled to open in fall 2005. 
Northridge 24,232
Pomona 17,644
Sacramento 22,457
San Bernardino 13,731
San Diego 27,459
San Francisco 23,576
San Jose 21,968
San Luis Obispo  17,169
San Marcos 6,139
Sonoma  6,997
Stanislaus 6,527
Total CSU 330,276

Funding for Enrollment Exceeds College-Age Population Growth

Higher Education Funding Per
Student Has Risen Over Last Decade

Constant 2004 Dollars Per FTE Studenta

Student Fees Cover Small Share of Higher Education Costs

Operating Costs Per FTE Student, 2004-05

Cal Grant Participation
Expanding Significantly

Many CSU Students Arrive
Unprepared for College-Level Work

Regularly Admitted Freshmen Needing Remediation

SSI/SSP Caseload
Continues to Grow

Cases in Thousands

SSI/SSP Grant Is Just Above
Poverty Level . . .

. . . While CalWORKs Grant Is
Significantly Below Poverty Level

Total CalWORKs Caseload Flattens;
Share of Child-Only Cases Increases

Cases in Thousands

Welfare Spending Shifts From
Cash Assistance to Services

Expenditures in Millions

Child Support Collections Rising but
Cost-Effectiveness Lags Nation

Foster Care Caseload Declines
In Recent Years

IHSS Cost Per Person Leveling Off

Spending on Child Care
Has Leveled Off

General Fund and Federal Funds
(In Millions)

Medi-Cal Caseload Increasing as
Cost Per Person Stabilizes

Most Medi-Cal Families/Children
Are Not on Welfare

Medi-Cal Caseload Is
Primarily Families/Children . . .


. . . While Most Medi-Cal Spending
Is for Elderly/Disabled

Smoking Has Declined
Among California Adults

Prevalence of smoking among adults 18 and oldera

Regional Center Spending
Up Significantly

Percent Change Since 1998-99

Crime Rate Up After Decade Decline

Crime Rates Vary Widely
Among Large Counties

2003 Rates Per 100,000 Population

Prison Population Climbing Slowly
After Two Decades of Rapid Growth

Substantial Variation In Water Use Among Water Basinsa

State Failing Ozone Standard, But Air Quality Improving in Most Regions

Future Electricity Demand Projected To Outstrip the State's Secure Supply

Ozone Emissions Declining . . .

. . .While Virtually No Improvement in
Particulate Matter Emissions

Increasing State Expenditures for Wildland Fire Protection

All Funds (In Millions)

Substantial Increases in State Owned Or Administered Resources Lands

Urban Highway Congestion Remains High After Increasing in the 1990s

State Transportation Funding
Comes Primarily From Fuel Taxes

Most State Transportation Spending Is For Highway Transportation

State Gas Tax Revenues Have Not Kept Pace With Road Use

Index Value = 1 in 1991-92

Bus and Rail Ridership Are Up,
So Are Costs Per Passenger

Highway Fatality Rate Up
After Declining in 1990s

Transportation Has Received Less General Fund Support Than Expected

Cumulative Dollars in Billions

State Capital Outlay Expenditures Over Time


Infrastructure Spending Focuses on Transportation and Education

In Billions


The Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO) is a nonpartisan office which provides fiscal and policy information and advice to the Legislature.

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