We conclude that the performance of High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes is mixed. We recommend various measures to ensure that the freeway capacity utilized by HOV lanes is managed efficiently. These include creation of more High Occupancy Toll lanes and, where appropriate, conversion of underutilized HOV lanes.
[PDF] HOV Lanes on Route 14: Effects of Part-Time OperationReport May 11, 2000
California Travels: Financing Our Transportation