Infrastructure Maintenance

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What is maintenance and why is it important?


Maintenance includes the recurring, usual upkeep needed to preserve and extend the useful life of facilities. For example, it includes regular roof work such as inspections and patchwork, as well as replacements. Maintenance is important for protecting the state’s investments in its facilities. When adequate routine maintenance is not performed, it can sometimes trigger repairs that are more expensive in the future. For instance, when regular roof work does not occur, it can result in water damage to facilities that can be difficult and costly to repair.

 


How much does the state spend on facility maintenance?


The state does not have an overall estimate of how much it spends to maintain its facilities. This is because departments do not have separate budgets for maintenance in many cases. Instead, maintenance funding is often included along with other activities in departments’ operating budgets.

 


What is deferred maintenance?


When maintenance is delayed or does not occur, we refer to this as deferred maintenance. Defining and estimating the amount of deferred maintenance is often complicated because departments vary in what types of activities they consider maintenance. For example, some departments include as maintenance projects that are not traditionally considered as such—for example, energy and water efficiency upgrades, studies, and code compliance work. In contrast, other departments do not include such activities when identifying maintenance projects.

 


How much maintenance has the state deferred?


The state does not have a comprehensive inventory of the condition of its existing infrastructure. However, according to the administration’s 2016-17 estimate, the state has $77 billion in deferred maintenance, most of which is in the transportation area.

Administration’s Identified Deferred Maintenance Needs in 2016-17

(In Millions)

Department/Program

Amount

Transportation

$57,000

Water Resources

13,100

Judicial Branch

2,087

University of California

1,221

Parks and Recreation

1,150

Corrections and Rehabilitation

1,029

Community Colleges

504

Developmental Services

378

Military

239

State Hospitals

154

General Services

135

California State University

92

California Fairs

89

Highway Patrol

49

Veterans Affairs

36

Motor Vehicles

31

Fish and Wildlife

21

Forestry and Fire Protection

18

State Special Schools

10

Science Center

10

Hastings College of Law

8

Emergency Services

3

Conservation Corps

1

Food and Agriculture

<1

State Conservancies/Wildlife Conservation Board

<1

Total

$77,364

 

For more information, see The 2016-17 Budget: Governor’s General Fund Deferred Maintenance Proposal.

 


How much has the state funded for deferred maintenance in recent years?


In 2015-16 and 2016-17, the state provided almost $1 billion for deferred maintenance, mostly from the General Fund (non-Proposition 98).

Deferred Maintenance Funding in 2015-16 and 2016-17

(In Millions)

Department/Program

2015-16

2016-17

Total

General Fund (Non-Proposition 98)

Water Resources

$100.0

$100.0

Parks and Recreation

$20.0

60.0

80.0

State Hospitals

7.0

64.0

71.0

Corrections and Rehabilitation

15.0

55.0

70.0

California State University

25.0

35.0

60.0

University of California

25.0

35.0

60.0

Judicial Branch

45.0

45.0

Developmental Services

7.0

18.0

25.0

Military Department

2.0

15.0

17.0

General Services

5.0

12.0

17.0

Fish and Wildlife

15.0

15.0

California Fairs

7.0

4.0

11.0

Veterans Affairs

2.0

8.0

10.0

Forestry and Fire Protection

2.0

8.0

10.0

State Special Schools

4.0

4.0

Emergency Services

3.0

0.8

3.8

Science Center

3.0

3.0

Food and Agriculture

2.0

0.3

2.3

Hastings College of Law

2.0

2.0

Conservation Corps

0.7

0.7

San Joaquin River Conservancy

0.2

0.2

Subtotals

($122.0)

($485.0)

($607.0)

Proposition 98

Community Colleges

$148.0

$185.0

$333.0

Subtotals

($148.0)

($185.0)

($333.0)

Motor Vehicle Account

Highway Patrol

$10.0

$10.0

Motor Vehicles

8.0

8.0

Subtotals

($—)

($18.0)

($18.0)

Total Deferred Maintenance Funding

$270.0

$688.0

$958.0

 

For more information, see The 2016-17 Budget: Governor’s General Fund Deferred Maintenance Proposal and The 2016-17 Budget: California Spending Plan.

LAO Staff Contacts

Helen Kerstein
(916) 319-8364
Capital Outlay Coordinator
Ashley Ames
(916) 319-8352
Forestry and Fire Protection and Parks and Recreation
Ryan Anderson
(916) 319-8308
State Special Schools
Jackie Barocio
(916) 319-8333
Transportation
Jason Constantouros
(916) 319-8322
University of California
Rachel Ehlers
(916) 319-8330
Water Infrastructure and Fish and Wildlife
Judy Heiman
(916) 319-8358
California Community Colleges
Dan Kaplan
(916) 319-8353
K-12 School Facilities
Anita Lee
(916) 319-8321
Judicial Branch
Shawn Martin
(916) 319-8362
Food and Agriculture and Conservation Corps
Caitlin O'Neil
(916) 319-8351
Corrections and Rehabilitation
Jessica Peters
(916) 319-8363
Highway Patrol and Motor Vehicles
Jonathan Peterson
(916) 319-8324
State Hospitals
Paul Steenhausen
(916) 319-8303
California State University
Sonja Petek
(916) 319-8340
Developmental Services