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Report

A Review of the Governor's Housing Initiative

March 1, 1990 - In January 1990, the Governor announced a $2 billion home loan initiative to increase home ownership opportunities for first-time homebuyers. In March, two legislative measures were introduced to establish part of the program. In the following analysis we describe the Governor’s proposal, identify the likely beneficiaries, discuss its fiscal effects, and identify the policy choices which this proposal presents to the Legislature.

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Analysis of the 1990-91 Budget Bill: Summary of Findings and Recommendations

February 21, 1990 - In the Analysis of the 1990-91 Budget Bill, we report the results of our detailed examination of the Governor's departmental spending proposals for the coming fiscal year. By contrast, The 1990-91 Budget: Perspectives and Issues provides an overall perspective on the state's revenues and expenditures for the budget year. It also looks to the future in an effort to focus on some of the challenges facing California in the years ahead. This document summarizes, by program area, the principal findings and recommendations set forth in the Analysis and the Perspectives and Issues. It also shows how approval of these recommendations would affect the state's fiscal condition.

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State Programs Serving Older Californians

February 21, 1990 - State Programs Serving Older Californians

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Variation in County Fiscal Capacity

February 21, 1990 - In this piece, we examine county fiscal capacity—the ability of counties to respond to these needs. First, we describe the county-state relationship and discuss our framework for identifying variations in county fiscal capacity. Second, we provide our findings regarding the fiscal capacity of counties, and discuss some of the counties which rate below average in this regard. Third, we identify the primary factors that contribute to low fiscal capacity. Finally, we offer several alternatives that the Legislature may wish to use to improve the fiscal capacity of California's counties.

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State and Local Agencies' Use of Housing Revenue Bonds

February 21, 1990 - State and Local Agencies' Use of Housing Revenue Bonds

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Health Care in Rural California

February 21, 1990 - In this report, we examine health care services in rural areas within the state. Specifically, we (1) review the characteristics of rural areas and health care services in these areas, (2) discuss current state programs, (3) highlight specific problems we identified within the existing services, and (4) suggest ways the Legislature could improve the provision of health care services to rural areas.

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Long-Term Health Care

February 21, 1990 - One of the Legislature's challenges over the next decade is to promote adequate access to nursing facility beds for the state's population. Our review suggests that it is possible that there will be a disparity between the need for nursing facility services and the growth of bed supply over the next decade. Furthermore, the current Medi-Cal reimbursement system may be (1) contributing to low supply growth, (2) causing access problems to nursing facility beds for Medi-Cal clients, and (3) providing incentives that encourage expansion of facilities that are more costly to operate.

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State Oil Spill Preparedness and Response

February 21, 1990 - In this analysis, we review the history of major offshore oil spills near California and the efforts to ensure a reasonable level of safety and environmental protection in this area. We then contrast this with the current system to handle smaller, mostly onshore oil spills in the state. Finally, we present some alternatives to consider in attempting to improve this system.

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Air Quality Improvement: An Alternative Strategy

February 21, 1990 - In this analysis we review command and control regulatory policies (CCR), examine the deficiencies of CCR policies, present an overview of incentives-based regulation (IBR) and discuss specific IBR policies.

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Early Intervention for School Success

February 21, 1990 - Early Intervention for School Success

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Desegregation

February 21, 1990 - Desegregation

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Capital Outlay for Postsecondary Education

February 21, 1990 - In this analysis, we assess for each segment of postsecondary education: (1) long-range enrollment plans, (2) the potential need for new campuses, and (3) how each segment's five-year capital outlay plan addresses needs associated with enrollment growth.

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Proposition 103—One Year Later

February 21, 1990 - On November 8, 1988, California voters approved Proposition 103, which called for 20 percent rate rollbacks and ongoing regulation of the insurance industry. Our review of the past year's activities by the department suggests that considerable time will pass before the regulatory process has been fully developed and implemented. The department has proceeded slowly; thus, there are many elements of the regulatory approach that have not yet been developed and numerous issues remain to be resolved. In effect, while much activity has occurred over the past year, we are in essentially the same place as when the initiative passed.

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Proposition 99: An Update

February 21, 1990 - Proposition 99 established a new surtax on cigarettes and tobacco products, thereby generating almost $1.5 billion in new revenues available for expenditure in 1989-90 and 1990-91. Assembly Bill 75 (Ch 1331/89, Isenberg) allocated the vast majority of these funds. Our review indicates that the three major departments responsible for the implementation of AB 75 have made good progress in implementing the programs the act established in the current year.

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Drug Prevention Programs

February 21, 1990 - Drug Prevention Programs