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Sources and Uses of K-12 Education Funding Growth, 1982-83 Through 1991-92

August 21, 1991 - Over the past 10 years, total funding for K-12 education has increased significantly — growing from $12.7 billion in 1982-83 to $27 billion in 1991-92. After adjusting for inflation, the 1991 Budget Act results in a level of total funding per unit of average daily attendance (ADA) in 1991-92 that is 13 percent higher than the level of per-ADA funding in 1982-83, the year immediately prior to the enactment of SB 813 (the state’s major school funding and reform measure). In this issue paper we identify the major sources of this education funding growth and the specific uses to which school districts have put these funds, focusing on those program areas that have grown at higher-than-average rates.


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Supplemental Report of the 1991 Budget Act

July 1, 1991 - Supplemental Report of the 1991 Budget Act


Report

Implementation of Proposition 99—An Overview

May 24, 1991 - Proposition 99 (November 1988), the Tobacco Tax and Health Protection Act, established a new surtax on cigarettes and tobacco products, thereby generating about $1.5 billion in new revenues for expenditure in 1989-90 and 1990-91. Assembly Bill 75 (Ch 1331/89, Isenberg) allocated the vast majority of these funds. Our review suggests that the major departments responsible for the implementation of AB 75 have generally made reasonable progress in the past two years in implementing the health services and health education programs the act established, although some programs are still experiencing delays in payments or are underutilizing the funds that are available. Our review also indicates that there is currently little data available with which to evaluate the effectiveness of programs.


Report

Organizing State Government to Meet California's Environmental Protection Priorities

May 22, 1991 - The purpose of this issue paper is to assist the Legislature in understanding the organizational and policy issues surrounding the state's environmental programs, and in evaluating how the specific reorganization proposals address these issues. In this paper we discuss how to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the state's environmental protection efforts through changes in the organization of environmental programs and through changes in the process for setting environmental protection priorities.


Report

Report on Consumer Credit Finance Rates: Pursuant to Chapter 429, Statutes of 1988

May 14, 1991 - Chapter 479, Statutes of 1988 (SB 2592, Dills), eliminated, for a three-year trial period, the statutorily set limits on the finance rates that retailers may charge consumers on their retail credit accounts in California. The original rate limits were established by the so-called Unruh Act in 1959. Chapter 479 lifts the rate limits from January 1989 to January 1992, after which time these limits will go back into effect. It also requires the Legislative Analyst to report to the Legislature on consumer credit rates charged in California in 1989 and 1990, during the first two years of the deregulation period. Our report provides this required credit rate information, along with various other information that may assist the Legislature in interpreting the data and deciding whether to allow limits on consumer credit finance rates to go back into effect in 1992.


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Cal-EPA Proposals

May 7, 1991 - Cal-EPA Proposals


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Analysis of the 1991-92 Tax Expenditure Budget

May 1, 1991 - Analysis of the 1991-92 Tax Expenditure Budget


Report

Reforming California's Mental Health System

March 26, 1991 - California's mental health system is a partnership involving shared responsibilities between the state and counties. The system is governed by the Short-Doyle Act, enacted in 1957. The act requires the Department of Mental Health to provide leadership in administering, planning, financing, and overseeing mental health services, including local programs. Mental health services are funded primarily from state funds, with a required county match for certain services.


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Analysis of the 1991-92 Budget Bill

February 27, 1991 - Analysis of the 1991-92 Budget Bill


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The 1991-92 Budget: Perspectives and Issues

February 27, 1991 - (308 pages, 13 MB) As the Legislature faces deliberations on the 1991-92 budget, the combination of underlying structural imbalances and a downturn in the California economy has resulted in an estimated two-year budget funding gap of almost $10 billion. The Governor's Budget seeks to address the budget problem through a combination of proposals to reduce existing state services and increase revenues, and contains a number of "prevention" proposals aimed at reducing the cost of existing services in future years. However, the Governor's budget does not fully address the funding gap and also raises concerns regarding its impacts on health and welfare program users, schools, and other affected groups. Ultimately, the Legislature must craft a plan that balances the need for state services with the need to address the state's underlying structural budget problem.


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California's AFDC Program: Current Trends, Issues, and Options

February 13, 1991 - In this analysis, we document the recent increases in caseload and welfare dependency in the AFDC-FG Program and identify the factors contributing to this trend. We then examine various options—including the administration's proposal—which are available to the Legislature to help control the program's costs and reduce welfare dependency.


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State Rail Program

February 1, 1991 - In this analysis, we (1) provide background on the state's existing rail system, how rail systems have been financed up until 1990, and the key features of the new rail programs financed by bond funds; (2) review the state's role in the planning, development, and implementation of the state's rail system; (3) discuss the coordination of the state's rail capital outlay programs; and (4) review issues related to two future rail bond measures scheduled for the November 1992 and 1994 elections.


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Analysis of the 1991-92 Budget Bill: Summary of Findings and Recommendations

February 1, 1991 - In the Analysis of the 1991-92 Budget Bill, we report the results of our detailed examination of the Governor's departmental spending proposals for the coming fiscal year. By contrast, The 1991-92 Budget: Perspectives and Issues provides an overall perspective on the state's revenues and expenditures for the budget year. It also looks to the future in an effort to focus on some of the challenges facing California in the years ahead. This document summarizes, by program area, the principal findings and recommendations set forth in the Analysis and the Perspectives and Issues.


Report

The County-State Partnership

February 1, 1991 - Over the past several years, many of California's counties have experienced increasing financial stress. While Butte County is perhaps the most visible example of recent county financial troubles, our analysis indicates that the problem is inherent to the existing arrangement of state and county responsibilities and affects all counties to greater or lesser extent. The existing county-state partnership suffers from a variety of structural problems—such as program fragmentation, counter-productive fiscal incentives, and the inappropriate division of responsibilities—that both diminish the effectiveness of these programs and reduce the financial viability of county governments


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Migrant Farmworker Housing

February 1, 1991 - Migrant Farmworker Housing