August 14, 2020
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, California has experienced an unprecedented rise in unemployment since the beginning of March. Through March and April, the key measure that captured the impact of the virus on the state’s workers was the number of new unemployment claims being filed each week. Going forward, this number will still be important as a gauge of whether a second wave of business closures and layoffs is emerging. Equally important to track going forward, however, will be the level of continued claims—the total number of people receiving unemployment benefits in a given week. Should continue claims start to decline, it could signal that some businesses are bringing workers back. Should continued claims remain steady or keep rising, however, it could signal that a rapid recovery is less likely.
Number of Processed Claims Declines, Yet Remains Elevated. California processed 213,482 claims for regular unemployment insurance between August 2 and August 8. The number of claims processed in the past two weeks remains high, but has fallen slightly from levels seen during the past six weeks. During that time, weekly claims held steady around 280,000. Weekly claims since mid-March have remained well above the record high prior to the COVID-19 outbreak of 115,462 in January 2010.
Continued Claims Hold Steady at Peak Level of 3.4 Million. As of August 8, California had 3.4 million employees receiving traditional unemployment benefits, level with the highest figure reported since EDD began releasing this information earlier in the year.
Number of Self-Employment Claims Rise to 1.3 Million This Week. Between August 2 and August 8, California had 1.3 million self-employed workers receiving unemployment benefits under Pandemic Unemployment Assistance—a new program created to expand eligibility for unemployment insurance to self-employed workers. While the number of traditional unemployment claims has remained steady over the past month, the number of self-employed workers receiving benefits has continued to climb, as shown in the figure below. Due to these diverging trends, self-employed workers receiving unemployment benefits now make up more than one-quarter of all workers receiving benefits.