State Spending Plan
October 2, 2018

The 2018-19 Budget

California Spending Plan (Final Version)

Chapter 2: Spending by Program Area

Judiciary and Criminal Justice

The 2018‑19 budget provides $14.3 billion from the General Fund for judicial and criminal justice programs, including support for program operations and capital outlay projects, as shown in Figure 26. This is an increase of $616 million, or 4.5 percent, above the revised 2017‑18 General Fund spending level.

Figure 26

Judicial and Criminal Justice Budget Summary

General Fund (Dollars in Millions)




Change From 2017‑18



Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation






Judicial branch






Department of Justice






Board of State and Community Corrections






Other departmentsa






Totals, All Departments






aIncludes Office of the Inspector General, Commission on Judicial Performance, Victim Compensation Board, Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training, State Public Defender, funds provided for trial court security, and debt service on general obligation bonds.

Detail may not total due to rounding.

Judicial Branch

The budget provides $3.8 billion for support of the judicial branch—an increase of $247 million (or 7 percent) from the revised 2017‑18 level. This amount includes $1.9 billion from the General Fund and $499 million from the counties, with most of the remaining balance from fine, penalty, and court fee revenues. The General Fund amount is a net increase of $161 million, or 9 percent, from the revised 2017‑18 amount. Funding for trial court operations is the single largest component of the judicial branch budget, accounting for around four‑fifths of total spending.

Trial Court Operations. The budget includes various General Fund augmentations for trial court operations, including the following:

  • General Purpose Funding ($122.8 Million). The budget includes $122.8 million in general purpose trial court operations funding. Of this amount, $75 million will be allocated by Judicial Council to trial courts based on its priorities. The remaining $47.8 million is to be allocated to trial courts with below average funding levels.
  • Self‑Help Services ($35.6 Million). The budget provides $19.1 million in limited‑term funding for self‑help centers and $16.5 million on a one‑time basis to support county law libraries. The budget package also requires the Judicial Council to conduct a cost‑benefit analysis of self‑help services by November 2020. (We note that the budget package also makes ongoing a $10 million augmentation to the Equal Access Fund Program to provide legal services and assistance to indigent individuals in civil cases that was set to end after 2018‑19.)
  • Health Benefits and Retirement Costs ($24.9 Million). The budget provides $24.9 million for increased trial court health benefit and retirement costs.
  • Fine and Fee Backfill ($9.3 Million). The budget provides $9.3 million to backfill a further decline in 2018‑19 fine and fee revenue collected to support trial court operations, for a total General Fund backfill of $64.3 million in 2018‑19.
  • Language Access ($8 Million). The budget package provides $4 million to Judicial Council for trial court signage, court interpreter equipment, and other language‑access‑related activities at trial courts, as well as $4 million (one‑time) to support trial court interpreter services.
  • Online Traffic Pilot ($3.4 Million). The budget provides $3.4 million to Judicial Council to develop and test different activities related to the online adjudication of certain traffic infractions at a minimum of eight trial courts.

In addition, the budget includes a $48.2 million reduction in General Fund support for trial court operations in 2018‑19 in order to reflect the availability of property tax revenue in accordance with Control Section 15.45 and Section 2578 of the Education Code. Such funds are remitted to the state by counties that collect more property tax than state law allows them to spend on education.

The budget also appropriates $15 million from the Trial Court Trust Fund on a one‑time basis to support start‑up costs associated with the implementation of the state’s new pretrial process as required by Chapter 244 of 2018 (SB 10, Hertzberg). The budget specifies that the funds will be reimbursed by the General Fund in 2019‑20.

Capital Outlay. The budget provides $1.3 billion for various trial court construction projects. This amount includes $32.2 million from the Immediate and Critical Needs Account (ICNA) for the pre‑construction design activities for three projects. The budget also provides $1.3 billion in lease revenue bond authority for the construction of ten projects, as shown in Figure 27. The annual debt service on these bonds will be paid from the General Fund instead of ICNA. (ICNA receives revenue from certain court fee and fine increases to fund trial court facility projects.) The budget package also requires Judicial Council to reassess its trial court facility needs by December 31, 2019.

Figure 27

Lease Revenue Bonds Backed by General Fund Authorized for Court Construction

(In Millions)

County/Courthouse Project

Construction Cost

Glenn—renovation and addition to Willows Courthouse


Imperial—New El Centro Courthouse


Riverside—New Indio Juvenile and Family Courthouse


Riverside—New Mid‑County Civil Courthouse


Sacramento—New Sacramento County Courthouse


Shasta—New Redding Courthouse


Siskiyou—New Yreka Courthouse


Sonoma—New Santa Rosa Criminal Courthouse


Stanislaus—New Modesto Courthouse


Tuolumne—New Sonora Courthouse




Corrections and Rehabilitation

The budget act provides $11.9 billion from the General Fund for support of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR). This is a net increase of $271 million, or 2 percent, above the revised 2017‑18 level of spending. This increase primarily reflects additional costs related to (1) Hepatitis C treatment for inmates, (2) the replacement of radio equipment in CDCR facilities and vehicles, and (3) prison roof replacements and mold remediation. This additional spending is partially offset by various spending reductions, including reduced spending for contract beds due to a decline in the inmate population.

Adult Correctional Population. Figure 28 shows the recent and projected changes in the inmate and parolee populations. As shown in the figure, the prison population is projected to decline slightly from about 128,500 inmates at the end of 2017‑18 to about 126,300 inmates by the end of 2018‑19. The parole population is projected to increase slightly from about 47,500 to about 49,200 parolees by the end of 2018‑19. These trends are primarily due to the estimated impact of Proposition 57 (2016), which made all nonviolent offenders eligible for release consideration, expanded CDCR’s authority to award sentencing credits to inmates, and requires that judges decide in all cases whether juveniles should be tried in adult court.

Figure 28 - Adult Inmate and Parolee Populations Projected to Change Slightly

Inmate Health Care. The budget includes $3.2 billion from the General Fund for inmate health care. This includes the following augmentations: (1) $105.8 million on a limited‑term basis to increase the number of inmates with Hepatitis C that receive treatment, (2) $20.1 million to implement various strategies intended to improve how the department manages mental health beds, (3) $18.1 million on a limited‑term basis to increase payments to contract psychiatrists who provide services when civil servants are unavailable, (4) $10.8 million to provide health care services in reentry facilities, and (5) $8.3 million for additional costs to implement the Electronic Health Record System.

Equipment and Roof Repairs. The budget includes various General Fund augmentations to purchase equipment and repair roofs. This includes $72.3 million to replace roofs as well as to address mold damage at various institutions. The budget also includes $32.9 million for CDCR to replace public safety radio system infrastructure used at several institutions and by the statewide inmate transportation unit. In addition, the budget includes $17.5 million to purchase vehicles that are primarily used to transport inmates to receive health care.

Rehabilitation Programs. The budget provides $16.8 million in additional support for rehabilitation programs. This includes (1) $8.3 million (General Fund) to increase the availability of career technical education programs and (2) $4 million (Inmate Welfare Fund) to support innovative programming grants on an ongoing basis. The budget also provides $2.1 million from the General Fund for CDCR to establish the Ventura Training Facility, which will provide firefighter training and certification for about 80 parolees. The budget also provides $2 million to the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection and $3.5 million to the California Conservation Corps to support the training center.

Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ). Legislation approved as part of the budget package allows DJJ to house more juvenile and adult court youth in order to reduce the number of such youth housed in adult prison. For example, the legislation authorizes DJJ to operate a seven‑year pilot program to house certain adult court youth who can serve their entire sentences in DJJ if they are able to complete them before turning age 25. The budget includes $2.1 million from the General Fund to support this new workload.

Other Budget Adjustments. The budget includes various other augmentations from the General Fund to support CDCR operations. These include (1) $16.5 million to pay for overtime worked by custody staff, (2) $13.5 million to reduce the inmate caseload for Correctional Counselors, (3) $12.9 million to expand training for employees, (4) $10.3 million to increase custody staffing primarily related to medical guarding and transportation, (5) $9.1 million to implement a two‑year contraband interdiction pilot program, and (6) $8.2 million for additional costs to provide janitorial services at the Correctional Health Care Facility in Stockton.

Capital Outlay. The budget provides an additional $39.1 million from the General Fund to support various capital outlay projects in state prisons. Some of the most significant projects are to: (1) construct a kitchen at the California Correctional Center in Susanville ($19.7 million), (2) develop working drawings to construct mental health crisis bed facilities at two state prisons ($7.1 million), and (3) develop preliminary plans to construct additional medication distribution rooms at various state prisons ($3.3 million). The budget also provides $43 million in increased lease revenue bond authority to improve prison health care facilities.

Department of Justice (DOJ)

The budget provides $683 million for support of DOJ in 2018‑19—an increase of $36 million, or 5.5 percent, from the revised 2017‑18 level of spending. This amount includes $282 million from the General Fund—a net increase of $44 million, or 19 percent, from the revised 2017‑18 level of spending. (This increase does not include employee compensation increases.)

Forensics Workload. The budget includes a total of $18.9 million in one‑time General Fund support for various forensics‑related workload. First, the budget provides $6 million to backfill an additional decline in criminal fine and fee revenue available to support DOJ’s Bureau of Forensics Services (BFS) and $5.4 million to replace BFS laboratory equipment. Second, the budget provides $6.5 million to help counties and cities address the backlog of unprocessed sexual assault evidence and $1 million to inventory the total amount of unprocessed evidence in the state.

Other Budget Adjustments. The budget includes (1) $11.1 million (Ammunition and Safety Enforcement Special Fund) for the regulation of ammunition and firearms and (2) $10 million one time (General Fund) to implement a tier‑based sex offender registry as required by Chapter 541 of 2017 (SB 384, Wiener and Anderson).

Other Criminal Justice Programs

Board of State and Community Corrections (BSCC). The budget includes various one‑time General Fund augmentations for new grant programs to be administered by BSCC. This includes (1) $50 million for community‑based organizations that provide housing services to formerly incarcerated individuals, (2) $37.3 million to provide services to youth in lieu of punishment such as jail (commonly referred to as “diversion programs”), and (3) $28.2 million to assist counties with a temporary increase in the population supervised by county probation departments due to the release of prison inmates as a result of Proposition 57.

Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST). The budget includes a one‑time $25 million General Fund augmentation to POST for law enforcement training activities: (1) $15 million for use of force and de‑escalation training, (2) $5 million for crisis mental health training, and (3) $5 million to provide competitive grants for innovative trainings or procedures that could reduce officer‑involved shootings.